Penal Code Section !48.5 sets forth misdemeanor punishment for those who knowingly make false reports of criminal activity to law enforcement.

Penal Code Section 148.5 – False Report of a Crime1 Penal Code Section 148.5 offers misdemeanor punishment for any person who knowingly makes a false report of a crime. Penal Code Section 148.5(a) Elements of a Section 148.5(a) charge:  The Defendant reported to a peace officer or prosecutor that a felony or misdemeanor crime has…

California Penal Code Section 148.3 Criminalizes Any Knowingly False Report of an Emergency

Penal Code Section 148.3 – False Report of Emergency Introduction: Penal Code Section 148.3 addresses numerous scenarios for the reporting of false emergencies, including what is commonly referred to as “swatting.”   A “swatting” incident involves the false report of an active shooter, bomb threat or other emergency serious enough to merit the dispatch of a…

False Report by a Peace Officer – Penal Code Section 118.1 Peace officers who knowingly file false reports may be punished with either a misdemeanor or felony criminal charge pursuant to Penal Code Section 118.1. Penal Code Section 118.1 establishes a form of perjury specific to police officers.1 Elements of the Offense: A peace officer…