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Peace Officer Refusing to Arrest or Receive Person Charged with Criminal Offense – Penal Code Section 142 It is a crime for a California peace officer to refuse to arrest, or refuse to receive a person for arrest where a duty to arrest exists.(1) The crime is punishable in the following manner: A misdemeanor carrying up…

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Evidence Tampering by Peace Officers – Penal Code Section 141 Penal Code Sections 141(a) and 141(b) punish evidence tampering by peace officers. General Elements of an Evidence Tampering Case: (1) The defendant peace officer willfully and intentionally (moved or planted or placed or made or hid or moved) a physical item of evidence / digital image…