Preparing False Statement or Report Under Oath – Penal Code Section 129 Penal Code Section 129 is part of the overall legislative scheme to prevent perjury and protect the integrity of the legal system. Any person who violates Penal Code Section 129 is guilty of the crime of perjury as defined in Sections 118 and…

Willfully Causing the Execution of an Innocent Person – Penal Code Section 128 Penal Code Section 128 was passed by the Legislature to deter witnesses from offering untruthful testimony to unjustly cause the execution of someone facing the death penalty.1 Under California law, every person who, by means of perjury or subornation of perjury, causes…

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Subornation of Perjury – Penal Code Section 127 The crime of subornation of perjury occurs whenever a person solicits someone else to commit perjury. A person commits perjury when he knowingly and intentionally lies about a material fact in any legal proceeding.1 Elements of the Offense: To prove the crime of subornation of perjury, the…

False Report by a Peace Officer – Penal Code Section 118.1 Peace officers who knowingly file false reports may be punished with either a misdemeanor or felony criminal charge pursuant to Penal Code Section 118.1. Penal Code Section 118.1 establishes a form of perjury specific to police officers.1 Elements of the Offense: A peace officer…

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Perjury – Penal Code Section 118 The crime of perjury occurs when a person intentionally lies about an important matter in a legal proceeding. Elements of the Offense To convict a person of the crime of perjury, the prosecutor must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt: 1. The defendant took an oath or…