Penal Code Section 148.4 - Malicious Tampering With Fire Alarm

Penal Code Section 148.4 – Malicious Tampering with Fire Alarm1 Penal Code Section 148.4(a) Violations (Misdemeanor) The prosecution must prove the following beyond a reasonable doubt: The Defendant “willfully” and “maliciously” tampered with fire protection equipment; OR The Defendant “willfully” and “maliciously” transmitted a false message indicating the presence of a fire by any electronic…

Penal Code Section 148.2 – Interfering with Firemen and Rescue Personnel Pursuant to Section 148.2, it is a misdemeanor to “willfully” obstruct firemen or other emergency rescue personnel form discharging to attempting to discharge their official duties under any of the following circumstances: By resisting or interfering with the lawful effort of a fireman or…

Penal Code Section 146b

Simulating Official Inquiries – Penal Code Section 146b Penal Code Section 146b provides misdemeanor-level punishment for any person who makes a demand for information by posing as a member of a government agency. You are guilty of a misdemeanor if you ask for, or demand information from a person while misrepresenting that you are part of…

Mercy

Drug Treatment – Not Jail, by Bill Haney, Ventura County Criminal Defense Attorney Today, I had the privilege of representing a woman charged with child endangerment in the Ventura County Superior Court. The District Attorney demanded a 270-day jail sentence as punishment. We submitted letters, a detailed sentencing brief and life history information to the…

Inducing the Testimony of a Witness Through Force, Threat of Force or Fraud – Penal Code Section 137(b) California law offers harsh punishment to any person who attempts to undermine the integrity of the criminal justice system by using force, threat of force or fraud to influence a person who is about to give information…

Californiapenalcode

Witness Intimidation – Penal Code Section 136.1 California law harshly punishes anyone who interferes with the legal system through an act of witness intimidation. The crime is broadly defined and heavily used in some jurisdictions like Ventura County. Elements of the Offense: There are several forms of witness intimidation under California law: Witness Intimidation Defined…

Willfully Causing the Execution of an Innocent Person – Penal Code Section 128 Penal Code Section 128 was passed by the Legislature to deter witnesses from offering untruthful testimony to unjustly cause the execution of someone facing the death penalty.1 Under California law, every person who, by means of perjury or subornation of perjury, causes…

bill-haney-logo-new

Subornation of Perjury – Penal Code Section 127 The crime of subornation of perjury occurs whenever a person solicits someone else to commit perjury. A person commits perjury when he knowingly and intentionally lies about a material fact in any legal proceeding.1 Elements of the Offense: To prove the crime of subornation of perjury, the…

scales-of-justice

Perjury – Penal Code Section 118 The crime of perjury occurs when a person intentionally lies about an important matter in a legal proceeding. Elements of the Offense To convict a person of the crime of perjury, the prosecutor must prove the following elements beyond a reasonable doubt: 1. The defendant took an oath or…

Penal Code Section 112 punishes those who sell or manufacture false government documents in California.

Manufacturing or Sale of False Government Documents – Penal Code Section 112 It is a misdemeanor under Penal Code Section 112 to sell or manufacture false government documents with the intent to help another person conceal the true nature of their citizenship or resident alien status. If the police find you with more than one…